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Treatment of Type of Bleeding



 What to do for more serious bleeding

  • Get someone to phone HEMS, or, if you are alone, first try to stop the bleeding and then phone HEMS

  • Cut away the patients clothing to expose the wound.

  • Apply pressure with a clean dry cloth or dressing. Do not use any medication on the wound until your doctor has seen it.

  • If there is any object in the wound don’t remove it. Apply pressure on either side of it.

  • Lay the patient down and raise the wounded area above the level of the heart if possible. So, for example, for an arm wound, raise the arm above the head.

  • If blood seeps through the dressing, put another dressing on top and provide more pressure to stop the bleeding.

  • Keep the patient warm and calm.

  • If the blood is spurting in time to the heartbeat and is a bright red colour, an artery may have been cut. Apply direct pressure and elevate the affected area.


What to do for  a nose bleed

  • Sit down and lean forward. This keeps the blood from draining down the back of your throat.

  • Pinch your nostrils closed. Use your thumb and index finger to hold your nostrils closed for 5 to 10 minutes while you breathe through your mouth. This puts pressure on the part of your nose that’s bleeding and can make the blood stop flowing

  • If bleeding persists seek medical help.

What to do for minor bleeding

  • Gently wash the wound with warm, soapy water.

  • Cover the wound with an antiseptic cream or ointment and apply a sterile dressing or plaster depending on the size of the wound.

  • Wash the wound daily and reapply the antiseptic cream and dressing until healing is complete. If the wound shows signs of infection (becoming red, tender or producing pus) call your doctor.

  • If the bleeding doesn’t stop or the wound seems deep, especially if the edges of the wound do not come together by themselves, treat the wound as outlined here and take your child to the doctor.


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